Interview is a formal process in which there is deep conversation between the employer and the job seeker. It is one of the widely used tool for selecting the right person for the organisation. Interview is the formal communication and questioning hour where the discussion takes place. It involves two party the person who asks the questions is called an interviewer and the person who answers the questions is interviewee. It is the formal meeting between both the party where the questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information, experience, qualities, attitude, aptitude and family background. It is the two way communication between the interviewer and interviewee. It is a verbal type of communication where the applicant gets the chance to know more about the employer and the company.

The purpose of the interview is to ascertain the required skills in a person and to know about the competences, capabilities and achievements of the candidate. It has two way purpose in which the employer gets to know about the candidate what he can do for the company and interviewee gets the information about the company his work profile, his duties and responsibilities. The goal of the interviewer is to focus on the qualifications, skills, prior work experience, career goals, area of interest, strength and weaknesses.

An employer looks for certain qualities in the candidates like:

  • Work related experience
  • Grades
  • Written and verbal communication skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Decision making and problem solving skills
  • Creativity and intelligence
  • Flexibility
  • Enthusiasm
  • Self confidence
  • Team spirit

There are different types of interviews:

  1. Personal interviews
  2. Structured interviews
  3. Unstructured interviews
  4. Counselling interviews
  5. Stress interviews
  6. Behavioural interviews
  7. Open ended interviews
  8. Closed or fixed response interviews

There are certain basic principles of interviewing:

  1. Determining the employment objectives
  2. Plan the interview
  3. Preparing the right questions
  4. Choosing the right interviewee
  5. Adopting the listen more and speak less technique
  6. Creating positive attitude
  7. Building rapport

Most frequently and successful interview technique are

  • Structured interviews it is one of the successful and majorly used technique by most of the companies.
  • Asking the behavioural questions to the candidate
  • Giving the candidate a work assignment
  • Listen to them about important points
  • Get the feedback from the candidate regarding the work assignment done by him.

These tactics just help to hire the best candidate to stay with the company for the long haul.

Interview questions are basically of following forms:

Experience based questions

Hypothetical questions

Personal awareness

Interview is the important process because the employers and job seekers get in touch with each other. It assists the employer to select the right person for right job who acquires the desired qualifications, skills and qualities. Effective interview is two way process. A key skill for interviewers is to be able to build rapport and help candidates feel relaxed. Interview process ends with selecting suitable candidate for full-filling the vacant job position.